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Kinjo Mine

Kakino, Yamagata city, Gifu pref., Japan


Moderately high-T hydrothermal skarn deposit

Skarn formed by the early Paleocene (65 Ma) Koka Granite intruded in the Middle Jurassic (170 Ma) Nabi unit, a member of the Tamba-Mino-Ashio accretionary complex. The moderate temperature hydrothermal deposit associated with skarn was formed by the quartz porphyry and granodiorite porphyry arc-shaped dikes of the Okumino Rhyolites. Various arsenate minerals were reported from the oxidation zone. The Koka Granite is I-type (Magnetite-series), and approximately 1 km apart from this locality. The sulfide deposits are in contact with the quartz porphyry and the granodiorite porphyry dikes. The age of limestone is probably Permian (270 Ma). The Arc-shaped dikes and the Koka Granite are considered as members of the Cretaceous Horado Caldera Complex. Ages of sedimentary rocks were determined by radiolarians, and granite by K-Ar radiometric dating.

Kinjo Mine

Adit on the skarn outcrop in the Nabi Unit. There are outcrops of fresh Permian limestones around this adit. Various arsenate secondary minerals were recovered from the dump. There are a lot of leeches in this locality.

Reported Minerals

  • Galena
  • Sphalerite
  • Pyrite
  • Chalcopyrite
  • Arsenopyrite
  • Greenockite
  • Tyrolite
  • Adamite
  • Aurichalcite
  • Cerussite
  • Linarite
  • Hemimorphite
  • Scorodite
  • Mimetite
  • Pharmacosiderite
  • Olivenite
  • Hedenbergite
  • Grossular
  • Epidote
  • Tremolite
  • Axinite
  • Quartz

Mineral Assemblages

  • Chalcopyrite - Tyrolite
  • Chalcopyrite - Adamite - Olivenite


  • The deposit was found during Edo period (1600-1850).
  • Around 1850: Mr. Ishigami mined the deposit.
  • Around 1910: Mr. Kanno mined the deposit.
  • 1914: Ceased to mine.
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