TrekGEO > Geology of Japan > Flora > Cool-temperate climate

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Cool-temperate climate

Index plants

Beeches (Fagus sp.), Quercus mongolica subsp. crispula

Averate temperature

Cooler average temperature under the conditon of the lowest temperature in the coldest month is more than -3 °C (27 °F) and less than 18 °C (64 °F)

North/South altitude

Northern part of 35 - 66.5 ° latitude


Four seasons in a year. It is subdiveded Japan sea type and Pacific ocean type: Japan sea type is the forest adapted to the heavy snowfall, and Pacific ocean type is the forest adapted to the few snowfall.


Distribution of cool-temperate climate in modern Japan. It distributes at montane zones of southern Honshu island, northern Honshu island and western Hokkaido.

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