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Subarctic climate

Index plants

Yezo spruces (Picea jezoensis), Sakhalin firs (Abies sachalinensis), Maries' firs (Abies mariesii), Northern Japanese hemlocks (Tsuga diversifolia)

Averate temperature

The lowest temperature in the coldest month is less than -3 °C (27 °F), and more than 10 °C (50 °F) in average for 1 - 3 months.

North/South altitude

50 - 70 ° latitude


Winter is cold and long, whereas summer is cool and short.


Distribution of subarctic climate in modern Japan. It distributes at montane zones of northern Honshu island, and eastern Hokkaido.

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